Electrochemcial Etch Stop μECES

Electrochemical etch-stop (ECES) is a popular method for bulk micromachining of a p-n junction silicon wafer in MEMS applications.

Bias-voltage dependent etching of silicon in alkaline solutions (KOH, TMAH) is a regular anisotropic etch. Etching stops at passivation potential (PP) due to excess generation of SiO2 on the wafer surface, when reached the n epi layer – this is a local effect contributing to uniformity. ECES allows  

  • Fabricating membranes with precise thickness control.
  • Achieving un-paralleled membrane thickness uniformity usually better +/- 0.8%
  • Precise thickness control independent from precise etchant concentration and temperature control